2009年05月13日

ニューヨーク・タイムズへの批判

2009年5月11日、Mondoweiss
ニューヨーク・タイムスは混乱しているばかりではなく無視している
 ニューヨーク・タイムスは、エルサレムの土地接収/公園プロジェクトにおける中心的役割を果たすのが誰か、ニューヨークの読者に告げ損なった。
 全文:Mondoweiss

エルサレムを切り取るイスラエルの計画の「タイムス」の記事
 タイムスのヘッドライン、"Parks Fortify Israel's Claim to Jerusalem"(「公園がイスラエルの主張を地固め」-アーカイヴ関連記事)は婉曲語法の文法の興味深い例である。公園は、もちろん、議論を裏付けることはない、人がやるのだ。
 全文:Mondoweiss

 アーカイヴ:関連記事「公園がイスラエルの主張を地固め」The New York Times

 アーカイヴ:イスラエルのエルサレム分割を妨げる秘密計画


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ノーマン・フィンケルシュタイン、ガザを語る

Part 1

Part 2

Part 3

Part 4

Part 5

Part 6

Part 7

Part 8

Part 9
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国連主要国がパレスチナ国家を要求

2009年5月11日、ynetnews.com
 国連安保理はイスラエル-パレスチナ問題の会議で、二国家解決への支持を再確認、事務総長、バンはイスラエルに入植地に関する政策の変更を要求した。
 全文:ynetnews.com

 追記:関連記事:「米、中東和平探求をためらわないと決意」YAHOO!NEWS
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エルサレムを取り込むイスラエル政府のプラン

A. The Main Points of the Plan

The information and quotes below are based on 2008 budget document of the plan and the project update booklets authored by the Jerusalem Development Authority (in January and August 2008).

1.  The Open Spaces Project:

"The goal of this project is to create a sequence of gardens that will adorn the Old City."  The plan's map covers all the open spaces around the Old City, running through the Palestinian neighborhoods of Silwan, Ras el-Amud, Wadi Joz, Al-Swana, Sheikh Jarrah, A-Tur, and more.

• The Mount Scopus Slopes - NIS 7 million; a plan for the construction of a national park on the eastern slopes of Mount Scopus.

• Tzurim Valley - NIS 1 million (in addition to NIS 6 million invested there in the past, probably by the Jerusalem Municipality and the Ministry of Tourism) - a declared national park since the 1990's. The Archaeological Experience site for filtering Temple Mount rubble operates on the park under the management of the National Parks Authority (NPA) and the Elad Association. Tens of thousands youths and soldiers visit it annually.  Also planned there: an NPA visitors' center and a restaurant.

• The Kidron Salient - NIS 4 million.  This site is located between the National Police HQ and the Tzurim Valley, down from Wadi Joz and Sheikh Jarrah.  The idea is to build a Biblical park on undeveloped plots in the area recreating the pilgrimage to Jerusalem.  Currently, the plan is under feasibility examination.

• King's Valley - North - NIS 10 million.  The continuation of Tzurim Valley South toward the Kidron Wadi; the area has been planned and fenced in, and gardening works were carried out. 

• The Mount of Olives Promenade - NIS 10 million.  A scenic promenade planned to run along the Mount of Olives range, halfway to the top. 
• King's Valley - Center - NIS 2 million.  Between the Ofel and the Jericho Roads, down the wadi from Gethsemane.  The garden here is fully planned and ready for execution, but the Franciscan Church that owns the land refuses to open it for the public.
• King's Valley - South - NIS 7 million.  A path between the Mount of Olives and the Pool of Silwam runs along the Monuments Axis in the Kidron wadi.  There are plans to build a promenade, gardening, and lighting.

• Gey Ben Hinom (Gehenna)- NIS 3.5 million.  Development and renovation works started in recent years.
• The Sambuski Cemetery - NIS 3.5 million for a plan to rebuild the old Jewish cemetery on the slopes of Mount Zion.

2. The Mount of Olives Project

This is a plan for the renovation, maintenance, and security of the Jewish cemetery on the Mount of Olives, located among Palestinian neighborhoods. 

• Security - NIS 16 million (+ NIS 2 million in donations).  A comprehensive plan for security on and around the mount.  Security there will cost another NIS 3 million annually.

• Renovating the cemetery - NIS 35 million for rebuilding graves and tombstones.

• Placing signposts on the Mount of Olives and the open spaces - NIS 2 million.  The signposting project is meant to offer orientation on site and a tour of all its parts, "to make the visitors sense the mountain's might."
• Information and documentation center on the Mount of Olives - NIS 15 million. Mapping all the graves and establishing a GIS computerized system and an Internet site.  Also planned is the construction of a structure that will serve as visitors' and information center for the cemetery.  JNF-Canada will donate $10 million for this purpose.  It should be noted that the Elad Association has already established a temporary visitors' center on the mount (probably without permits) and coordinates the mapping project and the computerized system. 

• Mount of Olives maintenance and cleaning - After the initial renovation and garbage removal (NIS 1 million), daily cleaning will total NIS 700,000 annually.

• Mount of Olives, Tourism - This project includes annual events, building an Internet site, and raising awareness of the Mount of Olives.  The organizers testify that the number of visitors there has tripled.  It is further worth noting that the Elad Association has recently launched the Internet site for this project. 

3. Additional Projects;

The plan also includes investment of c. NIS 150 Million in different projects in the Old City, and another NIS 328 Million for tourism development throughout the region.

B. The Implications of the Government Plan

The completion of the Israeli plan will change dramatically the map of East Jerusalem and might prevent a permanent status agreement and a compromise in Jerusalem. The following examples demonstrate the ideology behind the government plan: 
1. The Mount Scopus slopes - Although the eastern slopes of Mount Scopus are not part of the Holy Basin or the region seen from the Old City, the planners wish to declare the area east of Mount Scopus (between the Palestinian neighborhoods of Isawiya and A-Tur) a national park, so to divide the two neighborhoods and prevent potential Palestinian territorial contiguity in East Jerusalem. 
The establishment of the park will also create a territorial contiguity in favor of the E1 plan and the Ma'ale Adumim settlement, (a plan that puts an end to the Palestinian contiguity between the northern and southern parts of the West Bank).

2. Completing a settler project, creating Israeli dominance over compounds in Palestinian neighborhoods - Almost every part of the plan includes settlements. For example: in the Mount of Olives, the plan is to build a visitor center and make the compound a place of pilgrimage for Jewish tourists. The implementation of the plan will also unite the settlements that were established in recent years near the Mount of Olives (in Ras el-Amud and in A-Tur). 
In the Palestinian neighborhood of Sheikh Jarrah the settlers established in recent years several settlement-compounds. The government plan is to create a Biblical park on all of the open spaces left undeveloped in the neighborhood, thus completing the Jewish dominance in and around the neighborhood. 

3. The involvement of settler’s associations in the plan – the implementation of the government plan includes subcontractors such as the Elad association. The Elad association is working in recent years, together with other bodies, on deepening the Jewish presence and dominance at the heart of Palestinian neighborhoods in East Jerusalem by tourism projects, archeology, research and settlement in order to prevent a future compromise and agreement in Jerusalem. Adi Mintz, a board member of the Elad association was quoted in Ha'aretz daily as saying: "Our goal is to hold on to outposts in East Jerusalem and create an irreversible situation in the sacred basin around the Old City".

Summary:

• The government of Israel is investing tens of millions of shekels per year for projects in East Jerusalem, so to strengthen the Jewish hold over the city and to change the current delicate status quo. 

• The plan is being implemented with the help of ideological right wing associations, and plans to create a contiguity of Jewish settlements in Palestinian neighborhoods in East Jerusalem. 

• All of the planning is made unilaterally without the participation and knowledge of the non-Jewish residence of East Jerusalem. They are faced with facts on the ground without a real possibility to object or to present alternative development plans of their own.

• The implementation of the plan will change dramatically the map of Jerusalem, will escalate the tensions between Jews and Muslims and will prevent the possibility of a two states solution based on a compromise in Jerusalem.

 全文(地図を含む):Peace Now

 アーカイヴ:イスラエルのエルサレム分割を妨げる秘密計画(5月12日)

 追記:関連記事:「イスラエル、エルサレムを『美しく』拡張」IPS

ラベル:エルサレム
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