2010年04月16日

オバマは中東和平に確信がない

2010年4月14日水曜日

 米国大統領、バラク・オバマは、イスラエルとパレスチナの間の立ち往生する交渉で、ワシントンの影響力の限界を認めた。

 火曜日の核セキュリティサミットを主催した後、記者団と話し、就任して最優先課題と宣言した1年以上たって、オバマは、中東和平に向かう迅速な進展の望みはほとんどないと語った。

 アメリカ主導の和平努力は、ワシントンとその近い同盟国、イスラエルの間に緊張をはらむ、被占領パレスチナ領土でのユダヤ人入植地建設に関する論争により窮境に追い込まれてきた。

(後略)

全文:Al Jazeera English


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国際的注目がバークレーの資本引き上げ投票に集まる

 翻訳疲れだから原文で:UCバークレーの日刊紙「デイリー・カリフォルニア」に掲載の記事、デズモンド・ツツ大司教、ノーム・チョムスキーなどが、資本引き上げを求める学生議会議案を支持する書簡を送っている。議会は賛否両論、ほぼ同数の13,000通のメールを受けたという。
 原文にアクセスすると、ナオミ・クラインやチョムスキー、ツツ大司教の支持を表明する書簡と、別の、議案に反対する書簡にも、アクセスできる。

原文所在:Common Dreams.org

 他にも、リチャード・フォークが支持を表明しており、彼の書簡はここ:Intifada

アーカイヴ:UCバークレーSJPを支持するイスラエル人書簡(04月07日)

Published on Wednesday, April 14, 2010
by The Daily California (UC Berkeley)

International Attention Focused on Berkeley Divestment Vote

by Allie Bidwell

International attention will descend on the ASUC Senate meeting tonight as senators consider upholding the passage of a controversial bill urging the student government and the University of California to divest from two companies that have provided war supplies to the Israeli military.

The bill names two companies-United Technologies and General Electric-as supplying Israel with the technology necessary to attack civilian populations in Lebanon, the Gaza Strip and the West Bank. The bill originally passed the senate March 17 by a 16-4 vote following about six hours of discussion. A two-thirds majority, or 14 votes, is needed in order to override the veto.

Senators have received more than 13,000 e-mails, roughly split between both sides of the controversy.

Prominent figures including South African Archbishop Desmond Tutu, activist Naomi Klein and leftist MIT professor Noam Chomsky have spoken in support of overriding ASUC President Will Smelko's March 24 veto of the bill. Local and national pro-Israel groups such as the American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC)-an influential Washington, D.C. lobby organization-Berkeley Hillel and the Anti-Defamation League have each stated the bill is divisive and unfairly targets Israel.

Supporters of the bill say divesting from the two companies would make a powerful statement against Israeli actions in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, which supporters have compared to apartheid-era South Africa.

In a recent letter to the UC Berkeley community, Tutu, who won the 1984 Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts opposing apartheid in South Africa-said he endorsed the bill and urged senators to uphold the original vote, which he compared to similar efforts at UC Berkeley to divest from South Africa in the 1980s.

He said in an e-mail Tuesday that he had a message for ASUC senators.

"I salute you for wanting to take a moral stand," he said in the e-mail. "(Your predecessors) changed the moral climate in the U.S. and the consequence was the Anti-Apartheid legislation, which helped to dismantle apartheid non-violently. Today is your turn. Will you look back on this day with pride or with shame?"

Wayne Firestone, national president of Hillel-a Jewish campus organization-released a statement last month condemning the bill. The statement stated that the bill is "one-sided, divisive and undermines the pursuit of peace" and ignores human rights violations of other countries.

"The ASUC bill will not contribute a whit to the advancement of peace in the Middle East and will only serve to divide the Berkeley community," Firestone said in the statement.

Pro-Israel activist organization J Street U, joined 18 other organizations-including Berkeley Hillel, the American Jewish Committee, the Jewish Federation of the East Bay, the Jewish National Fund and StandWithUs/SF Voice for Israel-in crafting an April 5 letter to UC Berkeley Executive Vice Chancellor and Provost George Breslauer stating that they felt the bill was dishonest and misleading.

Among concerns listed in the letter was that the bill "unfairly targets" Israel while marginalizing Jewish students on campus who support Israel.

"Though it states that the 'ASUC resolution should not be considered taking sides in the Palestinian/Israeli conflict,' the exclusive focus on Israel suggests otherwise," the letter states.

Critics of the bill have said senators cannot make a proper judgement of an issue as complicated as the ongoing Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

Student Action Senator Parth Bhatt, who voted against the bill, said he felt the ASUC should not take a stance on such an issue because it marginalizes one community on campus.

"I don't think the ASUC should put any student in that position," Bhatt said. "The conflict is very complex and something I don't think our senators know enough about to vote on."

But CalSERVE Senator Ariel Boone said she supported the bill because she felt compelled to defend human rights.

"I went to Israel and had a really interesting time with Berkeley Hillel in January, and I have Holocaust survivors among my family," Boone said in an e-mail. "I have never felt so uniquely qualified to speak on an issue."

AIPAC has recently stated the need for a strategy to combat anti-Israel sentiments on U.S. university campuses.

"How are we going to beat back the anti-Israel divestment resolution at Berkeley?" said Jonathan Kessler, leadership development director for AIPAC, at a recent conference of the lobbying group. "We're going to make sure that pro-Israel students take over the student government and reverse the vote. This is how AIPAC operates in our nation's capitol. This is how AIPAC must operate on our nation's campuses."

But according to spokesperson Josh Block, the group did not take a position in the recent ASUC election.

"We don't rate or endorse candidates," Block said in an e-mail. "Of course we would always, publicly and consistently encourage pro-Israel students to be active in civic and political life."

© 2010 The Daily Californian
ラベル:UCバークレー BDS
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ヨルダンが西岸の追放命令に関しイスラエルを非難

2010年04月14日
Barak Ravid and Avi Issacharof
Haaretz

 ヨルダンは、水曜日、何万人ものパレスチナ人の西岸からの強制追放を容易にするイスラエル国防軍軍令に関しイスラエルを非難した。
(後略)

全文:Haaretz.com

関連記事:「モスクワが何千人ものパレスチナ人を強制追放するイスラエルの決定に警告」International Middle East Media Center
2010年04月15日木曜日
Saed Bannoura--IMEMC

ロシア外務省は、領域での更なる拡大と緊張を招きかねない、何千人もの住人を西岸から強制追放する、イスラエル軍令1650号の実施に警告する声明を発表した。

アーカイヴ:イスラエル国防軍軍令は西岸からの集団強制退去を可能にする(04月14日)
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エルバラダイ:イスラエル占領は力しか理解しない

前IAEA(国際原子力機関)事務局長が、ガザを「世界最大の刑務所」と呼びパレスチナ抵抗の支持を表明

Roee Nahmias
2010年04月13日

 来年、エジプト大統領選を競うと考えている、前IAEA事務局長、モハメド・エルバラダイは、イスラエルを非難し「パレスチナ抵抗」への彼の支持を表明した。

 火曜日に発表された報道で、老練の外交官は「イスラエル占領は、暴力の言語を理解するのみ」だから、パレスチナの猛威が、パレスチナの人びとに開かれる唯一の道と語った。

(中略)

 前国際原子力機関のリーダーは、エジプト大統領、ホスニ・ムバラクが、ガザ回廊との国境に沿って設置したフェンスを批判した。フェンスは「エジプトの名声を傷つける」と彼は語った。「世界最大の刑務所となった、ガザ攻囲への参加と見える」。
「問題の論理的解決は」と彼は続けた、「トンネルを閉じ、国境検問所を開き、ラファに、パレスチナ人が商売し、そしてガザに戻れる自由商業地帯をつくることだ」。

(後略)

全文:Ynet news.com
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